The Supreme Court

Historical Court Decisions
News Reports & News Feeds
Information from :
The Constitution requires the president to submit nominations to the Senate for its advice and consent. Since the Supreme Court was established in 1789, presidents have submitted 165 nominations for the Court, including those for chief justice. Of this total, 128 were confirmed (7 declined to serve). This chart lists nominations officially submitted to the Senate
Judiciary Act of 1801, April 8, 1800

In 1801 the Federalist majority in Congress passed a new Judiciary Act that eliminated a Supreme Court seat and relieved justices of circuit court responsibilities. The act abolished the existing circuit courts and established six circuit courts with sixteen new circuit judgeships. With his time in office running out, President John Adams filled all of those lifetime positions with Federalists.

Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789 – August 2010
Henry B. Hogue – Analyst in American National Government
August 20, 2010

From 1789 through August 2010, Presidents submitted 160 nominations to Supreme Court positions. Of these, 36 were not confirmed by the Senate. The 36 nominations represent 31 individuals whose names were sent forward to the Senate by Presidents (some individuals were nominated more than once). Of the 31 individuals who were not confirmed the first time they were nominated, however, six were later nominated again and confirmed. The Supreme Court nominations discussed here were not confirmed for a variety of reasons, including Senate opposition to the nominating President, nominee’s views, or incumbent Court; senatorial courtesy; perceived political unreliability of the nominee; perceived lack of ability; interest group opposition; and fear of altering the balance of the Court. The Senate Committee on the Judiciary has played an important role in the confirmation process, particularly since 1868.

Since 2010 : Merrick Garland 2016  nominated by Pres. Obama, not confirmed now Attorney General

This Is How FDR Tried to Pack the Supreme Court

Information from

FDR versus Nine Old Men – Roosevelt’s Scheme to Pack the Supreme Court by Gina Halabi

When his New Deal legislation kept getting struck down, FDR proposed a law targeting justices over the age of 70.

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