Top Viruses in History

Dengue

World Health Organization: “Dengue is a viral infection transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The primary vectors that transmit the disease are Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus.” 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Cleveland Clinic
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control – Fact Sheet Influenza
Mayo Clinic
World Health Organization
WebMD

Ebola Virus

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): “ ):  Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease in people and nonhuman primates. The viruses that cause EVD are located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. People can get EVD through direct contact with an infected animal (bat or nonhuman primate) or a sick or dead person infected with Ebola virus.” 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control – Fact Sheet Influenza
World Health Organization
Medlineplus
WebMD

HIV

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): “ HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). There is currently no effective cure. Once people get HIV, they have it for life. But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.” 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Cleveland Clinic
World Health Organization
Healthline
HIV.gov
Mayo Clinic
Medlineplus
UNAIDS

News Feeds

Hantavirus

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): “Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied disease syndromes in people worldwide.  Infection with any hantavirus can produce hantavirus disease in people. Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as “New World” hantaviruses and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Other hantaviruses, known as “Old World” hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia and may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).” 

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control – Fact Sheet Influenza
Mayo Clinic
National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases

Influenza

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): “Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.” 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control – Fact Sheet Influenza
John Hopkins Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Medlineplus
National Foundation for Infectious Diseases

Marburg Virus

From World Health Organization: “Marburg virus disease is a highly virulent disease that causes hemorrhagic fever, with a fatality ratio of up to 88%. It is in the same family as the virus.”  

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control – Fact Sheet Influenza
Healthline
WebMD
World Health Organization

MERS-COV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus)

World Health Organization: “Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERSCoV) is a virus transferred to humans from infected dromedary camels. It is a zoonotic virus.” 

Assessment of the further spread and potential impact of the SARS-CoV-s Omicron variant of concern in the EU/EEA, 19th Update.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Mayo Clinic
World Health Organization

Rabies

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):  “Rabies is a fatal but preventable viral disease. It can spread to people and pets if they are bitten or scratched by a rabid animal. In the United States, rabies is mostly found in wild animals like bats, raccoons, skunks, and foxes .” 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Mayo Clinic
Medical News Today
Medlineplus
Pennsylvania Department of Health
World Health Organization

Rotavirus

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): , “Rotavirus commonly causes severe, watery diarrhea and vomiting in infants and young children. Children may become dehydrated and need to be hospitalized and can even die. Protect your child with rotavirus vaccine. The most common symptoms of rotavirus are severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and/or abdominal pain.”

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Cleveland Clinic
Healthline
Mayo Clinic
Medlineplus
WebMD

SARS-COV

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American Museum of Natural History
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Encyclopedia Britannica
Mayo Clinic
Medlineplus
World Health Organization

SARS-COV-2

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American Museum of Natural History
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Encyclopedia Britannica
Mayo Clinic
Medlineplus
World Health Organization

Smallpox

World Health Organization: “Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the variola virus, a member of the orthopoxvirus family. It was one of the most devastating diseases known to humanity and caused millions of deaths before it was eradicated. It is believed to have existed for at least 3000 years.” 

American Museum of Natural History
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Encyclopedia Britannica
Mayo Clinic
Medlineplus
World Health Organization