Atlanta Massacre 1906
The Atlanta Massacre of 1906 was an attack by armed mobs of white Americans against African Americans in Atlanta, Georgia. It began the evening of September 22 and lasted through September 24, 1906.
- Atlanta Race Riot of 1906 – Posted on September 13, 2010 Contributed by: Sarah Bartlett blackpast.org
- Century-Old Race Riot Still Resonates in Atlanta – September 22, 2006 All Things Considered Kathy Lohr NPR
- Courage to Dissent by Tomiko Brown-Nagin – ISBN: 9780199750603Publication Date: 2011-01-01The Civil Rights movement that emerged in the United States after World War II was a reaction against centuries of racial discrimination. In this sweeping history of the Civil Rights movement in Atlanta–the South’s largest and most economically important city–from the 1940s through 1980, Tomiko Brown-Nagin shows that the movement featured a vast array of activists and many sophisticated approaches to activism.
- Veiled Visions by David Fort Godshalk -ISBN: 9780807876848Publication Date: 2006-05-18A violent clash haunts American race relations for nearly a century.
Tulsa Massacre 1921
The Tulsa (Oklahoma) race massacre of 1921 took place on May 31 and June 1, 1921. It is also called the Tulsa race riot, the Greenwood Massacre, or the Black Wall Street Massacre. Mobs of white residents attacked black residents and businesses. There are contradicting estimates of fatalities and injuries. Tulsa’s ‘Black Wall Street’ in early 1900s featured luxury shops, restaurants, movie theaters, a library, pool halls and nightclubs. The massacre began over Memorial Day weekend after 19-year-old Dick Rowland, an African American who shined shoes was accused of assaulting Sarah Page, the 17-year-old white elevator operator. A final report by a 2001 Oklahoma Commission suggests that Rowland had a simple accident, such as tripping and steadying himself against the girl, or perhaps they had a quarrel.
- Tulsa’s ‘Black Wall Street’ Flourished as a Self-Contained Hub in the 1900s Alexis Clark , History.com Sept. 4, 2019 Updated Jan. 2, 2020
- Tulsa Race Riot (1921) December 18, 2007 Contributed by: Stephanie Christensen blackpast.org
The Tulsa Race Riot by Ph.D Harris, Duchess and A. R. Carser
In 1921, a race riot erupted in Tulsa, Oklahoma. White residents burned down black-owned businesses and homes. They killed approximately 300 African Americans. The Tulsa Race Riot explores the story and legacy of one of the worst race riots in US history. Easy-to-read text, vivid images, and helpful back matter give readers a clear look at this subject.
Rosewood Massacre 1923
The Rosewood Massacre was a racially motivated massacre of African American people and destruction of their town. It took place during the first week of January 1923 in rural Florida with a death toll of 27 to 150. The town of Rosewood was destroyed. Contemporary news reports characterized this as a race riot.
- Rosewood Massacre – History.com Editors May 4, 2018 Updated Feb. 5, 2019
- The Rosewood Massacre by Edward González-Tennant – ISBN: 9780813052250Publication Date: 2018-01-16This book explores how digital technologies are revealing fresh information regarding the tragic history of Rosewood, Florida, and demonstrates how racial violence in the past relates to social inequality in the present.